HEALTH AND JUSTICE: BRIDGING THE GAP
Lessons from New York State Initiatives to Provide Access to Care After Incarceration
This report discusses the overlap between community and correctional health. It discusses: 1) how New York has leveraged new laws and opportunities into innovations, 2) outcomes achieved 3) how obstacles were overcome 4) remaining challenges and 5) recommendations for policymakers and others stakeholders on the basic principles and mechanisms that can help any jurisdiction begin to successfully address insurance enrollment and care linkage challenges for people in the criminal justice system as they move from punishment to health.
WHERE DO THEY STAND IN 2018?
An Issue Guide with Candidate Questions to Promote Health Care and Access to Opportunities for Justice-Involved Individuals
This voter guide provides background information and suggested questions voters can ask their candidates on health and criminal justice issues. It highlights key issue areas that the No Health = No Justice Campaign will focus on, and it will be the first of many components of the Campaign’s strategy.
This report by Kelly Lynn Coffman, MD, MPH and Grayson Norquist, MD, MSPH discusses the disproportionate number of incarcerated individuals who have mental illness and substance use disorders, focusing specifically on Georgia, and the existing program landscape there. Program gaps and deficiencies are also detailed, and solutions to avoid criminalizing these individuals are offered.
Helping Moms, Dads and Kids Come Home: Eliminating Barriers to Housing for People with Criminal Records
This report by the Legal Action Center assesses some of the most common and pernicious obstacles to housing that confront Americans with criminal records and their families. It also examines innovative federal, state, and municipal initiatives that are helping people to overcome those obstacles.
This article published in Health Affairs explores the need to break down the current policy silos between health care and criminal justice, to benefit both sectors and reduce unnecessary costs resulting from lack of coordination. It includes three case studies, from Washington State, Los Angeles County in California, and New York City, each of which addresses different aspects of care needed by or provided to the jail-involved population, including mental health and substance abuse, emergency care, and coordination of care transitions.
This documentary by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation explores the great potential health information exchange (HIE) presents to correctional institutions wanting to achieve continuity of care with community providers.
This report by the Vera Institute on Justice focuses on individual and community-level health impacts of incarceration with a focus on the relationship between mass incarceration and health disparities in communities of color and on opportunities presented by the Affordable Care Act.
This research article published in Health & Justice journal explicates the mechanisms through which incarceration affects health, with a focus on those that are disproportionately impacted by the drastic increase of incarceration over the last three decades. Implications for policy intervention programs and future research that serve to address diminished health among incarcerated populations are discussed.
This article published in the Annual Review of Public Health assesses the health profiles of the incarcerated; health care in correctional facilities; and incarceration’s repercussions for public health in the communities to which inmates return upon release. The review concludes with recommendations that public health and medical practitioners capitalize on the public health opportunities provided by correctional settings to reach medically underserved communities, while simultaneously advocating for fundamental system change to reduce unnecessary incarceration.
This article in the Harvard Gazette summarizes research published by the American Journal of Public Health, which found that 40 percent of the total prison and jail population reported a chronic medical condition, an illness rate far higher than other Americans of similar age. More than 20 percent of sick inmates in state prisons, 68.4 percent of jail inmates, and 13.9 percent in federal prisons had not seen a doctor or nurse since incarceration.
Critical Connections: Getting People Leaving Prison and Jail the Mental Health Care and Substance Use Treatment They Need—What Policymakers Need to Know about Health Care Coverage
This discussion paper by the CSG Justice Center’s National Reentry Resource Center identifies key questions and issues every policymaker should consider when seeking to help people leaving prison and jail connect to needed mental health and substance use treatment. The paper highlights examples of local practices and legislative and administrative actions drawn from 30 states and illustrates how policymakers have used a wide range of strategies to improve connections to health care coverage and treatment.